Periodontal Disease


What Is Periodontal Disease/Gum Disease?


Gum disease is a serious oral health issue, although it may not always appear that way at first. This devastating disease starts silently, occurring when your gums became irritated and inflamed as a result of bacterial and plaque attacks. The symptoms of this stage, red, swollen, bleeding gums, often go unnoticed. Without treatment, the swollen gum tissue begins to pull away from your teeth, creating pockets that can trap oral bacteria and other debris. Over time, as the bacteria attack from under the gum line, your teeth can become loose and even fall out. At Kelly Smile Dentistry, we can help to stop gum disease in its tracks and restore your oral health.

What Causes Gum Disease?


Gum disease can be caused by some different issues.
•  Poor oral hygiene. Poor oral hygiene is one of the most common causes of gum disease. The ADA recommends that you brush at least twice a day and floss daily. It is also recommended that you have your teeth professionally cleaned and examined at least twice a year. Skipping any part of this oral care routine can lead to a buildup of plaque and bacteria, both of which can irritate your gums.
•  Alignment issues. If your teeth are crooked, they are harder to keep clean, leaving areas where buildup can occur.
•  Lifestyle habits. Habits such as smoking or drinking can increase your risk. Smoking restricts oxygen in your blood and slows blood flow, which slows the delivery of essential nutrients to your gums. Excessive alcohol can cause dry mouth, which creates an ideal environment for bacterial growth.
•  Hormonal changes. Pregnancy or menopause can increase your risk.
•  Certain types of medications. Some medications can cause dry mouth.
•  Nutritional deficiencies. A well-balanced diet is essential for your overall health. Certain nutrients such as vitamin C and B12 aid in healthy gums.

What Symptoms Should I Watch for?


Symptoms of gum disease vary based on the severity of your particular condition. The earliest stage is the hardest to detect. Its symptoms, red, swollen gums that bleed when you brush and floss, often go unnoticed. Sometimes, they are thought to be the result of aggressive brushing. Because these symptoms go untreated, gum disease is left to progress. New symptoms develop. Other symptoms of gum disease include:
•  Chronic bad breath. Bacteria and food particles trapped below the gumline can lead to bad breath that just will not go away.
•  Gum recession.
•  Tooth sensitivity, which is a result of root exposure.
•  Gaps forming between your teeth.
•  Loose teeth.
•  Tooth loss.

a patient with gum disease in Victorville, CA

How Is Gum Disease Treated?


Treatment for gum disease depends upon how far the condition has progressed. There are several different treatments available, all with the goal of stopping gum disease in its tracks and restoring your oral health. Common treatments for gum disease include:
•  Scaling and root planing. This is a deep cleaning of your teeth that are designed to remove buildup from the surfaces of your teeth.
•  Laser treatment. If the gums are too swollen for a thorough scaling and root planing, a laser can be used to remove infected tissue so that your teeth can be properly cleaned. Lasers can also be used to kill bacteria in periodontal pockets.
•  Pocket reduction surgery. This treatment is done when the pockets are too deep for effective cleaning.
•  Gum grafts. A gum graft restores a natural gumline following gum recession.
•  Bone grafts. If you have lost bone mass, a bone graft can restore the shape and strength of your jaw.

If you suspect that you have gum disease, it is important to seek treatment as quickly as possible. Call Kelly Smile Dentistry for more information and to schedule your consultation today at (442) 229-0766.

Learn More About Periodontal Services Offered at Kelly Smile Dentistry:



Read About Our General Dentistry Services in the Pages Below:


Victorville Office

12120 Ridgecrest Rd
Suite 203
Victorville, CA 92395

(442) 229-0766

Century City

2080 Century Park E
Ste 1103
Los Angeles, CA 90067

(310) 553-2233
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